Food & Recipes

by Katy

FOOD TAKEN ON THE TRAIL

foodready.jpgFlour, cornmeal, bacon, sugar, coffee, dried fruit, salt, pepper, beans rice, tea, and vinegar were sometimes taken on the trail. If they had oxen, cows, and pigs you would make lard, butter, bacon, beef, and pork. This is some more food: salt, wheat, oats, onions, potatoes, beans, peas, chicken, and turkey. They suggested 150 pounds of flour for each adult, 25 pounds of pork, 15 pounds of coffee, and 25 pounds of sugar.
Pork was 11 cents a pound
Bacon was 12 cents a pound
Flour was 4/14 cents a pound
Salt beef was 8 cents a pound
Fresh beef was 4 cents a pound
Hard bread was 9 cents a pound
Beans were 10 cents a pound

To make Hardtack you will need:
2 cups of stone ground flour
1 Cup of water

Put flour and water together. Mix it until it is about ¼ inches thick. Cut the biscuits out by cutting it with cans or glasses. Then the biscuits should be ¾ inches. Then you have to poke holes into the biscuits with a fork. Then you need to put the biscuits on a floured cooking sheet. It should become hard and dry in 35 to45 minutes.

To make Beef Jerky you will need:
1 flank of London broil steak (or other cut meat)
Salt and pepper
1cup of soy sauce
Aluminum foil

Cut the steak into strips. You can use grain or meat. It is really important to cut the cooked meat or it will fall apart into tiny little pieces! Then you pour the soy sauce into a bowl with salt and pepper. Then you put it all out to dry.

To make Indian Fry Bread you will need:
3 cups of self rising flour
2/3 cup powdered sugar
1/3 cup milk
1 cup of cold water
Corn oil (for frying)

In a bowl mix the sugar and milk. Then add flour. Stir very slowly while pouring water. Stir the flour until the dough forms. Turn the dough on a lightly floured surface. Knead the dough until it’s well mixed. Roll the dough until it is a 10 inch square and about ½ inch thick. Then cut the dough into 12 rectangles. In a deep saucepan, then heat some oil. And dry the dough for 2/3 minutes or into medium brown. Then sprinkle with powdered sugar.