Jumping off Places


Independence, Missouri

by Cameron

external image IndependenceMO.jpg Independence, Missouri was the start of the Oregon Trail. In Independence new people got goods, made friends and enemies, and changed their destinations. It’s the most popular “jumping off” point. There were a lot of people in the spring. When a wagon train was put together, a quasi- military organization was made. That means that people had to guard the wagon train.

Image source: http://www.legendsofamerica.com/photos-oldwest/IndependenceMO.jpg

Chimney Rock

by Benjamin

external image chimney.jpg Chimney Rock was about twelve miles west from Courthouse Rock and Jailhouse Rock. Travelers said that Chimney Rock was visible from forty miles away. Chimney Rock was one of the most beautiful landmarks on the Oregon Trail. Some people tried to climb it but they only made it to the base. Chimney Rock is one of the most famous rocks to be seen by a pioneer.

Image source: http://hex.oucs.ox.ac.uk/%7Erejs/holidays/rockies2002/chimney.jpg

Courthouse Rock

by James

external image JailCourthouseRock.jpg People walked two, three, four, or even five miles off the trail to see Courthouse Rock. It was a rock formation located at Platte River Valley. Courthouse Rock was named after the Courthouse in Saint Louis. Chimney Rock is only about 12 miles West of Courthouse Rock. Courthouse Rock and Jailhouse Rock rise some 400 feet above the North Platte Valley.

Image source: http://www.eg.bucknell.edu/%7Ehyde/jackson/JailCourthouseRock.jpg

Jailhouse Rock

by Shivam

Jailhouse Rock is a rock and is also one of the most famous landmarks in the mid 1800’s. They named it after Courthouse Rock, another famous landmark in the mid 1800’s and was a smaller companion. Both are rising some 400 feet above The North Platte Valley.

Fort Kearny ft.kearny.jpg

by Kase

The first war post made to save the Oregon Trail emigrants was Fort Kearny. Fort Kearny stayed an important place through out the emigration period. Lots of pioneers bought food at the fort. In late may as many as 2000 emigrants and 10,000 oxen could come through in a day! The best time to start the trip is summer. You may only travel fifteen miles in a day. You could get stuck in the mud.

picture taken from http://www.isu.edu/~trinmich/FtKearny.html


Council Bluffs

by Avi

The Mormons were the first to get to “Council Bluffs” in 1840. The Mormons named it Kanesville. Council Bluffs was one of the popular jumping off places. The Mormons church was the only government that they had. The Mormons trail started in Council Bluffs. Traders pasted Council Bluffs.

image taken from http://www.officemuseum.com/1915_Office_Council_Bluffs_Savings_Bank_Council_Bluffs_IA.jpg


Platte River

by Nikolas

The Platte River was another obstacle for the Pioneers. In June, it became shallow and pools were separated by mud flats and sandbars. It was too wide for people to build a bridge over it. It was also too shallow for boats to ride over the water. There was a North Platte River and a South Platte River. The Platte River is also close to Courthouse Rock and Jailhouse Rock. The Platte River was way too thick for the Pioneers to drink. The Pioneers did not cross the river they followed the edge of the Platte River.
image taken from http://biocycle.atmos.colostate.edu/~marek/archive/slide_shows/nplatte071605/images/nplatte071605_9a.jpg

Independence Rock indprock1.jpg

by Janie

Independence Rock got its name in 1830 because of a fur traders' Fourth of July celebration. Independence Rock is 1,900 feet long, 700 feet wide, and 128 feet high. Independence Rock was a good resting place for tired travelers. Travelers needed to reach Independence Rock by July 4th so they didn't get caught in the snow. Independence Rock was called "The Great register of the Desert" because more than 5.000 pioneers carved their names in the rock.

image taken from www.historyglobe.com/ot/indeprock.htm


The South Pass

by Claire

The South Pass was a very important landmark on the Oregon Trail because it was the marking boundary between the Rocky Mountains and Oregon Country. If the South Pass wasn’t there, it would be impossible to cross the massive Rocky Mountains. This pass is many miles long. Even though the emigrants were in Oregon, there was no reason to celebrate. There were 1,000 miles left to cover.

image taken from http://www.isu.edu/~trinmich/00.pic.southpass2.jpg

Columbia River columbiariver.jpg

by Olivia

When the pioneers got to the place on the Oregon Trail called The Dalles, they were faced with the problem of the Columbia River. Many of the pioneers decided to build a raft and float down the river. This was very dangerous because there were tons of waterfalls. Lots of people drowned. In 1846 the Barlow Toll Road was made for the pioneers to travel by land around Mt. Hood.

image taken from www.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/e/e2/Vistahouse.jpg/325px-Vistahouse.jpg

Whitman Mission whitmans_mission.jpg[[http://www.nps.gov/archive/whmi/images/gallery/oregon_trail/ortrail003.jpg|]]

by Katy
The Whitman Mission is a landmark that emigrants used when they were traveling on the Oregon Trail. Emigrants went to Whitman Mission only if they were ill or running out of supplies. They named Whitman Mission after Marcus and Narcissi Whitman. Marcus and Narcissi Whitman were murdered because the Native American Tribe called the Cayuse got angry. The Mission treated white emigrants that had measles, but over half of the Cayuse tribe died from measles. The Cayuse got very mad when their group died. Then they burned it down and that was the end of Whitman Mission for a very long time. And now it is a beautiful national park!!!!!!!

image taken from http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/50th/whitman/mission.jpg

The Dalles whitmanmission.jpg

by Samantha

The Dalles was named by fur trappers. It was between the Columbia and the George Rivers. It was very dangerous for the pioneers to cross the two rivers because there were rapids and woorlpools in the water. Wagons were very very crowded on wooden drafts. Some wagons slipped off of the rafts. At The Dalles, Jason Lee made a Methodist Mission in 1838. After that, The Dalles became a stop for emigrants because the trail ruts came to a stop. It would be 100 miles further until they reached Oregon.

image taken from http://or-lcthf.org/lcbo/images/lc11.jpg